Venuste NIYONGABO became Burundi's first Olympic champion when he won the 5000m at the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta.
These were the first Games for Burundi, whose team of seven all competed in athletics. They have taken part in every Summer Olympic Games since.
Aloys NIZIGAMA finished fourth in the men's 10,000m in 1996. Artehemon HATUNGIMANA was the first Burundi competitor to take part in three Olympic Games. He competed in the 800m in 1996, 2000 and 2004.
Since 2004, their team has also included swimmers. In 2008 Joachim NSHIMIRIMANA completed his second Olympic marathon.