The country competed as Malaya at the Melbourne 1956 and Rome 1960 Olympic Games, and finally as Malaysia at Tokyo 1964. In those Games, the team also included Singaporeans.
In Tokyo, 12-year-old swimmer Molly TAY took part in the heats of the women's 100m butterfly. She remains their youngest Olympian. Malaysians have competed in 19 Olympic sports but all their medals have come in badminton.
Brothers Jalani and Razif SIDEK were the first Malaysians to collect medals when they took bronze in the men's doubles at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic Games.
Their brother Rashid SIDEK claimed a bronze in the men's singles at the Atlanta 1996 Olympic Games. In Atlanta, KIM Hock Yap and SOON Kit Cheah came away with the silver. At the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, LEE Chong Wei was a silver medallist in the men's singles.
In Beijing, Malaysia fielded a team of 32 in 10 sports.