Mauritania were first represented at the Los Angeles 1984 Olympic Games by two wrestlers.
To date they have competed only in athletics and wrestling.
Wrestler Oumar Samba SY competed in heavyweight freestyle at the 1984 Games and in Greco-Roman heavyweight in Seoul in 1988.
Wrestler Babacar SAR won two heavyweight freestyle matches in Seoul.
Fatou DIENG was their first female competitor when she ran the 100m at the Sydney 2000 Games.
In Beijing, Mauritania had a team of two in athletics. They have yet to win a medal.