Zambia were first represented at the Tokyo 1964 Olympic Games when a team of 12 competed as Northern Rhodesia.
They became independent as Zambia on the day of the Closing Ceremony. Boxer Keith MWILA claimed Zambia's first Olympic medal when he took light flyweight bronze at the Los Angeles 1984 Olympic Games.
Samuel MATETE brought home their other medal to date, a silver in the men's 400m hurdles at the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta. He appeared in four Olympic Games from 1988 to 2000.
Zambia's men's football team reached the quarterfinals at the Seoul 1988 Olympic Games. Kalusha BWALYA scored three goals in a 4-0 victory over Italy in the group stages of the competition.
Zambia sent a team of eight to Beijing. They competed in athletics, badminton, boxing and swimming.